Nijmegen Historic City Walk We invite you to take part in this city walk to discover the oldest city in the Netherlands. The rich cultural history of Nijmegen goes back two thousand years to when the Romans settled here and to when Nijmegen grew into the largest city in the country at that time. Several centuries later, Charlemagne chose the Valkhof as a location for the construction of his palace and it became one of the most important places in his empire. In the centuries that followed, many other regents, dukes and emperors choose Nijmegen as their home. The city was often the centre of conflicts because of its strategic location and the last time this happened was during the Second World War, when the Allies accidentally bombed the city. Apart from the hundreds of people killed, a large part of the city centre was obliterated. Thanks to a successful reconstruction programme, Nijmegen has been able to retain its charming, lively and friendly character. If you are keen on exploring the past, you will thoroughly enjoy the rich cultural history that Nijmegen has to offer. The Old City of Nijmegen Bordered on the east by the St. Steven's Tower (1273) and to the south by the medieval defensive towers (15th century), the Old City is enclosed within the remnants of the old city walls (13th century). To the north, this is still visible in the guise of the St. Anthonius Gate (15th century) and to the south, the 14th-century city wall with, at its base, the magnificent Kronenburgerpark that was immortalised in a song by Dutch rock star Frank Boeijen. Entangled with religion, trade developed in the Hezelstraat area where, behind the facades of shops of the former patricians' homes, medieval dwellings are still hidden. The Nijmegen City Guide including a Historic City Walk is available for € 2.50 from, among others, Nijmegen Tourist Information Office (VVV Nijmegen).